Thursday, October 16, 2008


Yanji is the capital of Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. Its population is approximately 398,900. Because of the large Korean population, there is now a law that signs in Yanji be written in Chinese with a Korean translation.


Yanji City is one of the six cities of the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Region, situated in the eastern part of Jilin Province, China. The five other cities are Hunchun, Dunhua, and , and the region also has two counties, Antu and Wangqing.

Chinese, Mongolian, Manchu and many other clans took control of it afterwards. It was officially a city part of the People's Republic of China in 1949.

The place that today is called Yanji is part of Manchuria .


The climate of Yanji is considered as one of the coldest in China. It has the same amount of lakes, rivers, and montains around it as Tumen, Hunchun, and three other cities in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture.



*Yanbian University of Science and Technology
*Yanbian University
Yanbian No. 1 High School


Dongfeng or Tung-feng, Jilin, China a town about 100km south of Changchun.

Tumen, Jilin

Tumen is a county-level city in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, within Jilin province of northeastern China. Of its 136,000 inhabitants, approximately 78,000 are of Korean descent. The two official languages are and . Tumen is separated from Namyang of North Hamgyong province of North Korea by the Tumen River. Due to this proximity, many North Koreans escaping their country pass through Tumen. Tumen is also the location of a large detention center for captured North Koreans awaiting deportation. Tumen has two major food markets, the South Market and the North Market, where most of the residents purchase their food. Packaged foods and meats are usually sold inside the building, and vegetables are sold outside. There are six elementary schools, with three Korean schools, and three Chinese schools.

A riverfront promenade in the city has restaurants where patrons can gaze across the river into North Korea.


Tonghua is a prefecture-level city in the People's Republic of China province Jilin.

Tonghua is an industrial city in the south of Jilin Province in the People's Republic of China. Jilin Province is one of three that comprise the region known as Dongbei - commonly referred to in English as Manchuria.

Confusingly, Tonghua appears twice on most maps of Jilin. The larger symbol marks the space of the city. The smaller marks the place of Tonghua county. The following notes refer to the former.

Traditionally, Tonghua occupied a railhub position in a region of China noted for trade in only three agricultural commodities. These were ginseng, marten furs and deer antler products. In the 1980s Tonghua had some initial success with a wine distillery producing sweet, sticky red wines that proved popular with local consumers. From 1987 onwards a bienniel wine festival was inaugurated, but this and the industry it promoted ultimately failed commercially owing to competition with joint venture wine companies such as Dragon, who were able to produce a product that was marketable overseas. Following this failure, Tonghua industry was thrown back on its traditional agricultural products - and a few small but viable factories, including one specialising in artificial furs.

A fledgling tourist trade sought to highlight Tonghua attractions such as some impressive ski slopes, the tomb of the local hero General Yang and the beautiful Changbai Shan Nature Reserve for which Tonghua serves as a connecting railway station from the major population centres to the north and west.

Tonghua's population hovers around the 300,000 mark, but census information is difficult to assess as it includes demographic information from other towns nearby . The inclusion of these suburbs and surrounding towns greatly swells Tonghua's official population beyond the 300,000-mark.

Poor, backward and, at local level, conservatively led, Tonghua was late in benefiting from the economic reforms of national leaders such as Zhao Ziyang. Although the railway provided useful direct links to major cities such as Shenyang, Tianjin and Changchun, few signs of progress could be seen on Tonghua's dirty streets until the mid-nineties, when plans were approved for a plethora of building projects which transformed the city. These have helped fuel a resurgence in Tonghua's commercial strength.

Tonghua is also the site of Tonghua Teachers' College. The British Development agency and NGO, VSO, have been sending foreign teachers here since 1987.


Taonan is a city, population about 100,000, in Jilin Province.


Songyuan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province, People's Republic of China.


Songyuan has a long history dated back to the Neolithic age. The ancient monuments and ruins in the city speak volume of the long history and magnificent culture of Songyuan. There was the ancient 2000 years ago. There was the in 1000 years ago. And there was the militaristic founded by the Nuzhen tribe after their victorious arms conquered the .

At the beginning of the 20th century, the great revolutionary pioneer Sun Yat-sen proposed to build a transportation hub in where Songhua River and Nen River meet, which materialized as the current city of Songyuan.

Authorized by the national government, Songyuan was founded as a prefecture-level city in 1992.

In 2007, it is chosen to be one of the cities for 2008 Olympic torch relay, and is the first relay stop of the province, on which occasion there will be more than 300 media companies, domestic and international, to report on the city. The National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy named a meteor after Songyuan, an honor bestowed only on eight cities in the nation. This series of exciting activities and accomplishments increased the renown and influence of the city.


Songyuan is in the intersection of the Province of Jilin, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia. Located in the middle west of Jilin Province, right at the center of the Northeast China, the city covers 22,000 square kilometers with a population of 2.8 million.

There are 7,600 square kilometres of arable land, with an annual food production of about 6 million tons, a quarter of the total production of Jilin Province. The urban area is 71.76 square kilometers. The second Songhua River crosses the city, which makes it one of the few not completely developed riverside cities in the nation.

There are five railways and six provincial or national highways passing through the city. It takes only 90 mintues to reach Changchun or Harbin airport from the city. Changchun or Harbin can also be easily reached through waterway.

A circle drawn with Songyuan as center, and with a radius of 200 kilometers, will cover a population of 31 million, with Songyuan being the important transportation hub and commerce center of the northeastern China and Inner Mongolia. In the next few years Songyuan will become the regional center of northeastern China.

Administrative divisions

Songyuan has one and four :
*Ningjiang District
*Qian'an County
*Changling County
*Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County

There are three provincial level development areas: Songyuan economy and technology development area, Songyuan agricultural new technology development area and the Chagan Lake tourism development area.


Songyuan is an oil-petroleum city in the Songnan Plain, with the sixth largest land-based oil field of China, Jilin Oil Field, located in the city. It sits on the world-famous Golden Corn Belt, and is a national commercial food and oil base.

In 2006, the city had a revenue of 47.4 billion Yuan, with a profit of 4.5 billion Yuan, the third of the province in terms of overall economic achievement. In 2007, the total revenue is expected to be 60 billion Yuan, with a profit of 6.5 billion Yuan.

In 2006, the city was among the top 20 cities in China with best investment potential for multi-national companies.

Songyuan is famous for its food, meat, fish and oil production, with abundant materials above and below ground. There are five categories of materials above ground. 1. Food. Jilin is a big food-production province, and Songyuan is a big food-production city. In 2006 the city is ranked the 2nd of the province in food production, with a total output of 6.412 million tons of food, among which are 4.808 million tons of corn. 2. Water. There is plenty of water resource. There are several rivers and lakes in the city, which yield more than 40 billions cubic meters of water. There are 1.557 billion cubic meters of water reserve, which can meet the need of water-demanding industry. 3. Grassland. The grassland is wide and far. The city is in the east end of the Kerqin grassland, with 53,000 square kilometres of grassland yielding 0.3 million tons of grass annually. It is a natural land for pastoral industry. 4. Electricity. The city is expanding its electricity generation capacity. 5. Tourism. There are 20 important tourist destinations, including the beautiful Chagan Lake, which is one of the ten largest fresh water lakes of the nation; the wonderful Qianan Forest; the ancient temples and monuments that have witnessed the vicissitude of ages.

Underground materials are oil and gas. Currently ascertained are 1.134 billion tons of oil and 100 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Last year Jilin Oil Field production exceeds 6 million tons of oil and gas. In addition, the city boasts bountiful minerals.

Taking advantage of abundant materials, special locations and easy transportation, the city has reserved and developed many important projects, gradually building a complete industry of oil production, oil refinery, oil chemistry, biological chemistry, agricultural and pastoral products, pharmaceutical, textile, machinery, electricity etc., laying down a solid foundation for further development.

Siping (city)

Siping , formerly Ssupingkai , is a city in in
Northeast China. The percentage of Han Chinese is at 91%, and there are Manchu, and minorities.

Siping is the seat of an apostolic Vicariate of the Roman Catholic Church. it was the site of several major battle during the Chinese civil war from 1945-49


Siping has several hundreds of thousands of residents. The urban area is 407 km?. Annual precipitation is 600 mm.

Siping prefecture includes two districts, two counties and two cities.

Notable people

*Jia Hongsheng, Chinese actor